How we look plays a significant role in determining how we feel. A woman’s breasts can embody her very essence. They are a part of her identity. Needless to say, if her breasts are making her feel conscious of her body, then they must be taking a toll on her self-image and confidence. Tuberous breast deformity is a congenital breast deformity. While everyone’s breasts differ in shape and size naturally, those with tuberous breasts exhibit more prominent differences. This somewhat abnormal finding can often factor towards self-deprecation, especially in the younger demographic. Addressing deformities at an early stage gives gratifying results and also help increase awareness in the masses concerning an array of lesser-known conditions.
Tuberous Breast Deformity – The Facts
Tuberous breasts occur due to the abnormal or proficient proliferation of the breasts during puberty. Tuberous breasts appear elongated in shape and are overly droopy with large or protruding nipples and a larger than average areola, also known as areolar hypertrophy. While this condition generally affects both breasts, sometimes, it can only cause one breast to be misshapen.
Tuberous breasts are relatively easy to diagnose, for they present themselves as more cylindrical than rounded with the breast tissue exhibiting a similar shape from the base to the nipple. Their saggy appearance is down to an abnormally elevated lower breast fold where the chest and breast meet. The condition can range from mild to severe and can affect both men and women. They are often referred to as conical breasts, constricted breasts, tuberal breasts, domen nipple, snoopy breasts, or lower pole hypoplasia.
Classification of Tuberous Breast Deformity
Tuberous breast deformity is classified into three main types.
- Type 1: Type 1 tuberous breasts exhibit mild to severe breast drooping. There is minor constriction at the breast’s base with an enlarged areola and sufficient skin envelope. The lower breast fold is slightly elevated on the inner part of the breast, and the breast’s glandular volume shows minimal to no deficiency in the lower medial breast quadrant.
- Type 2: Type 2 tuberous breast deformity exhibits moderate constriction at the base of the breast with mild to minimal drooping. The skin envelope is generally lacking in the lower part; however, the areola may normally present or with mild herniation. Additionally, Type 2 deformity shows a moderate deficiency in breast glandular volume in lower breast quadrants as well as elevation on the sides and outer parts of the breasts.
- Type 3: Type 3 tuberous breast deformity presents with mild to moderate breast drooping, an insufficient skin envelope, severe herniation in the areola, as well as severe constriction at the base of the breast. All four breast quadrants exhibit a severe deficiency in breast glandular volume, and the breasts’ lower fold is either absent or completely elevated.
There are additional classifying systems as well, such as the von Heimburg classification that has four categories. The categorization system helps determine the best surgical approach that needs to be adopted for the procedure.
Causes of Tuberous Breasts
According to various studies, tuberous breast deformity may be a genetic finding. However, the exact cause behind the condition is still unknown. While the genetic link has been established, there is no confirmation on whether a person has an increased chance of developing the condition if a relative has it too.
The Canadian Journal of Plastic Surgery recently noted that tuberous breasts result from an excess of collagen in the fascia and other connective components in the breast. This finding contributes to abnormal gland development that causes changes in the shape of the breast.
Treatment of Tuberous Breast Deformity
Owing to the benign nature of tuberous breast deformity, many people do not seek medical treatment to address the condition. However, the occurrence of tuberous breast deformity has been noted to trigger significant stress and anxiety in many.
There is an array of approaches that can be used to temporarily or permanently improve their appearance. The best way to treat tuberous breasts is via surgery. According to experts, the only way to correct tuberous breast deformity is with plastic surgery. Tuberous breast deformity has been noted to pose a significant surgical challenge, unlike any other condition.
Correcting this particular condition requires a combination of different techniques, including breast implants and breast expanders, along with breast lifting, reduction, and resizing the nipple-areola, etc. A qualified and experienced professional generally opts for a customized choice that requires two or three procedures.
One technique for fixing tuberous breast deformity entails an incision from the bottom of the areola to the back of the breast. The surgeon then forms a new lower breast fold and a glandular flap after which an implant is inserted into the breast area, and the site is sutured up. Often, the areola’s shape and size are also adjusted. For those with a relatively more complicated case history, the first procedure involves breast expanders followed by the implants. Your case is handled in accordance with your particular category of deformity and worked on subsequently.
If you decide to undergo the procedure, you must understand the risks associated with the surgery, such as bleeding, scarring, infections, etc. Surgery is not an easy option, but it certainly is a rewarding one.
After the Surgery
Following the surgery, you will have to restrain from certain activities and take care of yourself to protect yourself from infections. Swelling and puffiness are expected outcomes that will last for a few weeks following the procedure. Refrain from hot tubs and saunas as they may irritate the surgical site. Do not indulge in cardiovascular exercises for at least three months. The procedure is very safe; however, you must be wary of all possible outcomes.
Our physical insecurities can take a taxing toll on our mental wellbeing. Our confidence stems from how we look and how we feel. While tuberous breasts do not cause any harm to your physical health, they can lead you to feel anxious and develop low self-esteem. Correcting tuberous breasts can help rebuild your self-esteem significantly. Plastic surgery is a permanent solution to the issue.
If your breast deformity is causing you distress, it is best to discuss your condition with a professional surgeon. Every case is individual and thus varies in terms of approach. Find out yours now. Your mental wellbeing should be your top priority. Instead of ruining your self-image, start working on a solution soon.
Alycia Gordan is a freelance writer who loves to read and write articles on healthcare technology, fitness and lifestyle. She is a tech junkie and divides her time between travel and writing. You can find her on Twitter: @meetalycia